A 13- to 17-year Retrospective Evaluation of the Clinical Performances of Anterior and Posterior Lithium Disilicate Restorations onto Teeth and Implants

Giacomo Fabbri, Fernando Zarone, Gianluca Dellificorelli, Giorgio Cannistraro, Marco De Lorenzi, Alberto Mosca, Renato Leone, Roberto Sorrentino


This retrospective study aimed at evaluating the clinical outcomes of lithium disilicate prostheses onto teeth and implants. A total of 860 restorations were delivered to 312 patients, including crowns, veneers and onlays. Patients with uncontrolled gingival inflammation and/or periodontitis were excluded, whilst subjects with occlusal parafunctions were included. The retrospective observational period ranged between 13 to 17 years. The mechanical and esthetic performances of the restorations were rated according to the modified CDA criteria. The recorded data were analyzed statistically. In total, 26 mechanical complications were noticed: 17 ceramic chippings, 5 core fractures and 4 losses of retention. Mechanical complications occurred predominantly in posterior areas; monolithic prostheses showed the lowest percentage of structural problems. The clinical scores of layered and monolithic restorations were fully satisfactory according to the modified CDA rating. The cumulative survival and success rates ranged between 95.46-100% and 93.75-100% respectively up to 17 years of follow-up. Although patient selection and the rigorous application of validated clinical protocols were considered paramount, the use of lithium disilicate prostheses onto teeth and implants was reported to be a viable and reliable treatment option in the long-term.

PMID: 38820271